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Queen Caroline's Hermitage at Richmond



William Kent was employed in 1730 by Queen Caroline, wife of George II, to build two buildings to adorn the gardens of Richmond Lodge. One of these was the Hermitage, a semi-ruined grotto with an octagonal central room that housed four busts--of Sir Isaac Newton, John Locke, and the contemporary philosophers Clarke and Woolaston. The engraving below illustrates the similarities between Queen Caroline's Hermitage and the Hermitage and Grotto at Stowe, which Kent built during the 1730s.

Queen Caroline's Hermitage at Richmond


John D. Tatter, Birmingham-Southern College, jtatter@bsc.edu